But he never heard his parents use a word of profanity, and they always found a way to work out their disagreements. Like all parents, they made mistakes. One such mistake was a dangerous one that happened when Billy was a child. A quick phone call to his aunt led his mother to give him some thick cream from the family dairy farm in order to counteract the iodine. He said it was a narrow brush with death. In her later years, when her health declined and her husband had passed away, Morrow Graham made a point of praying and listening to Scripture every morning.
Of all the people I have ever known, she had the greatest influence on me. I am sure one reason that the Lord has directed and safeguarded me, as well as Ruth and the children, through the years was the prayers of my mother and father.
You, too, can have a godly influence on your children. Begin by asking Christ into your life. Memorial gifts may be made to the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association for its ongoing ministry of reaching the world with the Good News of Jesus Christ.
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Share Tweet. Billy Graham and his mother, Morrow. In honor of the bond they shared, here are seven lessons Billy Graham learned from his mom. Local folklore and folk practice recognised Odin as late as the 19th century in Scandinavia. In a work published in the midth century, Benjamin Thorpe records that on Gotland , "many traditions and stories of Odin the Old still live in the mouths of the people".
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Local legend dictates that after it was opened, "there burst forth a wondrous fire, like a flash of lightning", and that a coffin full of flint and a lamp were excavated. Thorpe additionally relates that legend has it that a priest who dwelt around Troienborg had once sowed some rye, and that when the rye sprang up, so came Odin riding from the hills each evening. Odin was so massive that he towered over the farm-yard buildings, spear in hand. Halting before the entry way, he kept all from entering or leaving all night, which occurred every night until the rye was cut.
Thorpe notes that numerous other traditions existed in Sweden at the time of his writing. Thorpe records that in Sweden, "when a noise, like that of carriages and horses, is heard by night, the people say: 'Odin is passing by'". References to or depictions of Odin appear on numerous objects. Migration Period 5th and 6th century CE gold bracteates types A, B, and C feature a depiction of a human figure above a horse, holding a spear and flanked by one or more often two birds. The presence of the birds has led to the iconographic identification of the human figure as the god Odin, flanked by Huginn and Muninn.
Like Snorri 's Prose Edda description of the ravens, a bird is sometimes depicted at the ear of the human, or at the ear of the horse. Bracteates have been found in Denmark, Sweden, Norway and, in smaller numbers, England and areas south of Denmark. Vendel Period helmet plates from the 6th or 7th century found in a grave in Sweden depict a helmeted figure holding a spear and a shield while riding a horse, flanked by two birds. The plate has been interpreted as Odin accompanied by two birds; his ravens. Both stones feature a rider sitting atop an eight-legged horse, which some scholars view as Odin.
The scene has been interpreted as a rider arriving at the world of the dead. The back of each bird features a mask-motif, and the feet of the birds are shaped like the heads of animals. The feathers of the birds are also composed of animal-heads. Together, the animal-heads on the feathers form a mask on the back of the bird.
The birds have powerful beaks and fan-shaped tails, indicating that they are ravens. The brooches were intended to be worn on each shoulder, after Germanic Iron Age fashion. Petersen notes that "raven-shaped ornaments worn as a pair, after the fashion of the day, one on each shoulder, makes one's thoughts turn towards Odin's ravens and the cult of Odin in the Germanic Iron Age. The Oseberg tapestry fragments , discovered within the Viking Age Oseberg ship burial in Norway, features a scene containing two black birds hovering over a horse, possibly originally leading a wagon as a part of a procession of horse-led wagons on the tapestry.
In her examination of the tapestry, scholar Anne Stine Ingstad interprets these birds as Huginn and Muninn flying over a covered cart containing an image of Odin, drawing comparison to the images of Nerthus attested by Tacitus in 1 CE. Excavations in Ribe , Denmark have recovered a Viking Age lead metal-caster's mould and 11 identical casting-moulds.
These objects depict a moustached man wearing a helmet that features two head-ornaments. Archaeologist Stig Jensen proposes these head-ornaments should be interpreted as Huginn and Muninn, and the wearer as Odin. He notes that "similar depictions occur everywhere the Vikings went—from eastern England to Russia and naturally also in the rest of Scandinavia. A portion of Thorwald's Cross a partly surviving runestone erected at Kirk Andreas on the Isle of Man depicts a bearded human holding a spear downward at a wolf, his right foot in its mouth, and a large bird on his shoulder.
In November , the Roskilde Museum announced the discovery and subsequent display of a niello -inlaid silver figurine found in Lejre , which they dubbed Odin from Lejre. The silver object depicts a person sitting on a throne. The throne features the heads of animals and is flanked by two birds.
Various interpretations have been offered for a symbol that appears on various archaeological finds known modernly as the valknut. Due to the context of its placement on some objects, some scholars have interpreted this symbol as referring to Odin. For example, Hilda Ellis Davidson theorises a connection between the valknut , the god Odin and "mental binds":. For instance, beside the figure of Odin on his horse shown on several memorial stones there is a kind of knot depicted, called the valknut , related to the triskele.
This is thought to symbolize the power of the god to bind and unbind, mentioned in the poems and elsewhere. Odin had the power to lay bonds upon the mind, so that men became helpless in battle, and he could also loosen the tensions of fear and strain by his gifts of battle-madness, intoxication, and inspiration.
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Davidson says that similar symbols are found beside figures of wolves and ravens on "certain cremation urns" from Anglo-Saxon cemeteries in East Anglia. According to Davidson, Odin's connection to cremation is known, and it does not seem unreasonable to connect with Odin in Anglo-Saxon England.
Davidson proposes further connections between Odin's role as bringer of ecstasy by way of the etymology of the god's name. Beginning with Henry Petersen's doctoral dissertation in , which proposed that Thor was the indigenous god of Scandinavian farmers and Odin a later god proper to chieftains and poets, many scholars of Norse mythology in the past viewed Odin as having been imported from elsewhere. Salin proposed that both Odin and the runes were introduced from Southeastern Europe in the Iron Age.
Other scholars placed his introduction at different times; Axel Olrik , during the Migration Age as a result of Gaulish influence. In the 16th century and by the entire Vasa dynasty , Odin as Oden was officially considered the first King of Sweden by that country's government and historians. This was based on an embellished list of rulers invented by Johannes Magnus and adopted as fact in the reign of King Carl IX , who, though numbered accordingly, actually was only Carl III.
Another approach to Odin has been in terms of his function and attributes. Many early scholars interpreted him as a wind-god or especially as a death-god. Odin is often mentioned as one of the early inspirations for modern European and US Christmas traditions see Santa Claus. The god Odin has been a source of inspiration for artists working in fine art, literature, and music.
Ehrenberg , the marble statue Wodan around by H. In the comics, he was not drawn without his missing right eye for years.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815—1902)
Odin makes an appearance in the mids Disney animated TV series Gargoyles , in its second-season episode "Eye of the Storm," as one of Oberon's children — even riding a four-legged version of Sleipnir at one point in the story; his conflict with Goliath is settled amicably for both, resulting in Odin regaining his right eye, preserved earlier within the series's storyline as the Avalon-crafted "Eye of Odin" bejeweled and enchanted Third Race artifact.
Wednesday", travelling across the United States in a clash between old gods and new ones. Ian McShane plays Mr. Wednesday in its television adaptation.
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- Seventeenth-Century Europe: State, Conflict and Social Order in Europe 1598-1700 (Palgrave History of Europe);
- I libri proibiti: Da Gutenberg allEncyclopédie (Economica Laterza) (Italian Edition)!
- A Prophet’s Counsel and Prayer for Youth.
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- The war at the river Zitar Nuo.
- Volume 2. English Dictionary of Contemporary, Ancient and Babylonian Assyrian (C-F) (Comparative Encyclopedic Thesaurus-Lexicon of Aramaic, Arabic, Akkadian, ... Hebrew, Sumerian, Ugaritic, Phoeni).
Several characters from J. Tolkien 's fiction were inspired by the god Odin.
Music inspired by or featuring the god includes the ballets Odins Schwert and Orfa by J. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Major god in Norse mythology. This article is about the Germanic god. For other uses, see Odin disambiguation. For other uses, see Woden disambiguation and Wotan disambiguation. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
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